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How to Install Apache with PHP-FPM on Ubuntu 20.04

Install Apache with PHP-FPM on Ubuntu 20

PHP FPM (FastCGI Process Manager) is an alternative implementation of PHP FastCGI. It provides some additional features like Adaptive process spawning which is useful for sites. This tutorial will help you to install Apache with PHP-FPM/FastCGI on Ubuntu 20.04 system. In this tutorial, we are using PHP 7.4 and configure with Apache using PHP-FPM and FastCGI.

Step 1 – Installing Apache

Apache web server debian packages are available under the default repositories. Login to your Ubuntu system with sudo privileges account. Open a terminal and execute the following commands:

sudo apt update 
sudo apt install apache2 libapache2-mod-fcgid

The above commands will install Apache and FastCGI module to your server.

Step 2 – Install PHP with FPM

Next, install PHP and PHP-FPM on your Ubuntu system. For this tutorial, we choose PHP 7.4 to install using

For the PHP installation we recommend to use ppa:ondrej/php PPA. Execute below couple of commands to add the PPA to your system.

sudo apt install software-properties-common
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Then install PHP 7.4 (or required version) the latest version available on the day of writing this tutorial. Simply execute follows commands for the installation of PHP and PHP-FPM packages.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install php7.4 php7.4-fpm
Note:- When you are using PHP-FPM. All the PHP modules configurations are residing under /etc/php/7.4/fpm directory. You can read more about enable/disable PHP modules.

After installing the packages php7.4-fpm service will automatically be started. To make sure, type:

sudo systemctl status php7.4-fpm

● php7.4-fpm.service - The PHP 7.4 FastCGI Process Manager
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/php7.4-fpm.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Sat 2020-05-09 04:41:44 UTC; 19s ago
       Docs: man:php-fpm7.4(8)
    Process: 375077 ExecStartPost=/usr/lib/php/php-fpm-socket-helper install /run/php/php-fpm.sock /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf 74 (code=exited>
   Main PID: 375073 (php-fpm7.4)
     Status: "Processes active: 0, idle: 2, Requests: 0, slow: 0, Traffic: 0req/sec"
      Tasks: 3 (limit: 2283)
     Memory: 9.3M
     CGroup: /system.slice/php7.4-fpm.service
             ├─375073 php-fpm: master process (/etc/php/7.4/fpm/php-fpm.conf)
             ├─375075 php-fpm: pool www
             └─375076 php-fpm: pool www

May 09 04:41:43 tecadmin systemd[1]: Starting The PHP 7.4 FastCGI Process Manager...
May 09 04:41:44 tecadmin systemd[1]: Started The PHP 7.4 FastCGI Process Manager.

Step 3 – Apache Configuration

Now, You need to enable some of the Apache modules required for the FastCGI confiugration. You can enable the requird module by running command:

sudo a2enmod actions fcgid alias proxy_fcgi

Then configure Apache Virtual Host to run with FPM/FastCGI. For this tutorial, we use default VirtualHost. Edit VirtualHost host configuration file in a text editor. You can also create a new configuration as per your choice.

sudo vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf

Update the configuration as followings.



Save your changes to the configuration file and restart Apache to reload the changes.

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 4 – Verify Setup

Apache with PHP-FPM configuration has been done. Now all the PHP files will be run with the FPM.

To verify these settigns, create a PHP script with phpinfo() function and place it to your server document root. Use below command to create file:

echo "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" > /var/www/html/info.php

Then access the info.php using server IP address (for default VirtualHost) or your configured domain in Apache VirtualHost.